In this episode we looked at robots and the engineering principles of robots. We learned how robots use sensors to interpret their environment, how actuators and effectors allow a robot to manipulate the objects around it to accomplish a task, and how computers coordinate the efforts of the two. Crash Course Engineering is produced in association with PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV *** RESOURCES: https://www.wired.com/story/what-is-a-robot/ https://www.superdroidrobots.com/shop/custom.aspx/mining-robots/65/ https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/new-robot-surgeon-sews-up-pig-intestines http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/8/337/337ra64 https://www.motoman.com/robotic-welding https://blog.robotiq.com/bid/72927/What-is-Included-in-Robotic-Welding-Systems https://www.cnet.com/news/be-afraid-darpa-unveils-terminator-like-atlas-robot/ https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/23/atlas_unplugged_darpas_unterminator_robot_cuts_the_power_cable/ https://www.intorobotics.com/fruit-harvesting-robots/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/06/16/object-detection-api/?guccounter=1 http://www.sci.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~sklar/teaching/boston-college/s01/mc375/mc375-effectors.pdf https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05093-1 https://www.universal-robots.com/industries/automotive-and-subcontractors/ *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Eric Prestemon, Sam Buck, Mark Brouwer, Naman Goel, Patrick Wiener II, Nathan Catchings, Efrain R. Pedroza, Brandon Westmoreland, dorsey, Indika Siriwardena, James Hughes, Kenneth F Penttinen, Trevin Beattie, Satya Ridhima Parvathaneni, Erika & Alexa Saur, Glenn Elliott, Justin Zingsheim, Jessica Wode, Kathrin Benoit, Tom Trval, Jason Saslow, Nathan Taylor, Brian Thomas Gossett, Khaled El Shalakany, SR Foxley, Yasenia Cruz, Eric Koslow, Caleb Weeks, Tim Curwick, D.A. Noe, Shawn Arnold, Malcolm Callis, Advait Shinde, William McGraw, Andrei Krishkevich, Rachel Bright, Jirat, Ian Dundore -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids